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STEP 8

Vocabulary

dssda     Read and memorize this nouns and adjectives.


Nouns

Basket

Berry

Cook

Leaf

Net

Plant

Shade

Bit

 

Stretch

 

 

 

 

 

Adjectives 

 

Beautiful

Bright - Dark

Hanging

 

 


IN THE GARDEN


    Our garden is at the back of the house. At the front we have a green plant in a pot. Near to the house are beds of flowers. All gardens in England have flowers. Friends who have gardens give plants to us and when we take plants out of the beds we give them to our friends. The bright flowers in our garden are beautiful. I will take you into our garden.


    The bit of the garden at the side of the house is where our potato plants are. The potatoes are not quite ready.


    The fruit trees are far from the house. If a building has trees about it, the rooms will be dark when the leaves are on the trees. Our fruit trees are at the end of the garden. Between the flower beds and the trees is a beautiful stretch of green grass. On bright days we put a table on the grass in a place which is in the shade and have our meals out in the garden.


    The tree by the wall is a great apple-tree. Green apples are hanging on the branches. The fruit is acid, but birds will take it if I do not put a net over the tree. I have a net for every tree. I will let the birds take the apples which go on the grass. This net which I am hanging on a branch is not the net which I will put over the apple tree. It is a small net and I will put it over that small tree by the flower-bed.


    The apples on this other tree are almost red. They are early apples. They may be red before they are sweet. When they seem quite ready, my small son will go up the tree with a basket and take the sweet, red apples hanging on the branches. When his basket is full, he will come down the tree with it and take the apples to the cook. We will keep some apples and give some to our friends. The friends to whom we will give the apples have no apples in their garden. I will put some apples in your basket before you go.


    In the shade of the fruit trees are plants from which we get berries. Some berries are bitter but our berries are sweet.


Notes


dssda     Read Carefully, this are some sentences of the text, and here is the explanation form them.

At the back of the house: Here, clearly, at the back of:  'behind'. Similarly, at the front in the next sentence == 'in front of it', and 'at the side of' in the third paragraph:  'alongside.


Beds of flowers: A stretch of turned-up earth in a garden in which seeds or plants are put is called a bed.


Out of: Note this important idiom. Of is put after out to express the opposite of the preposition in or into


Leaves: Note that leaf forms its plural in the same way as shelf. Berries (plural of berry), which is used later in the Step, should also be noted.


At the end of the garden: That is, 'in the portion bordering on the end'.


Hanging on the branches: Hanging may mean either "suspended", as in the first of these examples.


This net which I am hanging: or "causing to be suspended", as in the second. In the first case, it is frequently completed by a phrase indicating place, the point of attachment, etc.; in the second, it takes an object. 


A net over the tree: A thing which is over another may be at a distance from it or touching it. This second sense is very like that of on, but it has in addition the idea of 'covering'. If on had been used here, it would not have been so clear that the net was to cover the whole area of the tree.


Early apples: An early (late) fruit, vegetable, etc., is one which matures early (late) in the season.


When they seem quite ready: That is, 'ready for eating, ripe'.


The shade of the fruit trees: Of frequently indicates that by which something is caused or produced.

 

 

Exercises

 



 

 

1. Describe what you see in this picture, bringing in the following words: berry, plant, cook, bit, basket, leaf, beautiful, hanging.

 

     A:


2.  Give the plurals of:


(a)   Branch:
(b)   Berry:
(c)   Stretch:
(d)   Grass:
(e)   Leaf:



3.  Write “a or an” depending on the begging of the word  

 

1. ____Apple

2. ____Bird

3. ____Fruit

4. ____Garden

5. ____Tree

6. ____Berry

 

                                      
4. Rewrite these statements, using the word in brackets:

 

 

1. All gardens in England have flowers.   (every)

 

 

  A:

 

2. Friends with gardens give plants to us.    (who)

 

 

  A:

 

3. The late potatoes are not quite ready.   (almost)

 

 

  A:

 

4. This is the bit of the garden in which our potatoes are.   (where)

 

 

  A:

 

5. The man who we get the apples from has no berries.   (whom)

 

 

  A:

 

 

 

5.   Answer in Basic:

 

 

1. Where is our garden?

 

 

  A:

 

2. Where are the flower beds in our garden?

 

 

  A:

 

3. Where are the potatoes planted?                                

 

 

  A:

 

4. What is there between the flower-beds and the trees?

 

 

  A:

 

5. What will we do with the apples which my son gets?

 

 

  A:

 

6. When will my son come down from the tree?

 

 

  A:

 

7. What are there in the shade of the fruit-trees?

 

 

  A:

 

8. Are all berries sweet?

 

 

  A: